At a California conference, MIT professor, Daniel Nocera, presented new technology that mimics photosynthesis in order to produce electricity. The artificial leaf is no bigger than a playing card and uses water and the sun, producing energy to be stored in a fuel cell. According to Nocera, with a single gallon of water, the device can produce enough energy to fuel an entire house in the developing world for one day. Nocera notes:
Our goal is to make each home its own power station. One can envision villages in India and Africa not long from now purchasing an affordable basic power system based on this technology.